Super Junior (Korean: 슈퍼주니어), also known as simply SJ or SuJu (Korean: 슈주), is a thirteen-member Korean boy band formed by SM Entertainment in 2005, masterminded by Lee Soo Man. The group initially debuted with twelve members on November 6, 2005 with the single, "TWINS (Knock Out)". The original twelve members, from oldest to youngest, are Leeteuk (the leader), Heechul, Han Geng, Yesung, Kang-In, Shindong, Sungmin, Eunhyuk, Donghae, Siwon, Ryeowook, and Kibum. The Chinese member, Han Geng, was chosen among the 3,000 applicants through auditions held in China by SM Entertainment in 2001.
Many of the members had already pursued an entertainment career before Super Junior's debut through acting, DJ-ing, and modeling. On May 23, 2006 SM Entertainment announced the addition of a new member, Kyuhyun, making them the thirteen-member group they are today.
Of the two studio albums and two singles Super Junior has released since 2005, the majority of their music is marked within the mainstream K-pop label. Songs from this genre are usually a mixture of other genres such as rock and R&B. Their debut single, "TWINS (Knock Out)" was a cover song, the original being called "Knockout" by the British boy band Triple Eight that was released in 2003. Unlike the original piece, "TWINS (Knock Out)" was reproduced to a heavier rap rock song, with quicker rap and more emphasis on the bass instruments. Their follow-up single, "Miracle", is a light-hearted, bubblegum pop love song. "U" is more focused on urban contemporary, having a more R&B approach to the group's mainstream music. Their 2007 comeback release, "Don't Don" however, is the group's first SMP project. Unlike "Marry U", which is a medium-tempo, R&B ballad, "Don't Don" includes an infusion of rock, R&B, and rap, combining its musical elements with a violin segment. Super Junior also released hip hop-inspired tracks such as "A Man In Love", which incorporated traditional percussion instruments such as the African djemba and the Indian tabla.
Heechul, Shindong, and Eunhyuk were credited for their rap lyrics in their co-single with TVXQ, "Show Me Your Love". Eunhyuk was also the main contributor for the rap lyrics in the group's single, "U". After the release of their second album, Don't Don, more members began to contribute in writing. Leeteuk, Sungmin, Eunhyuk, and Donghae wrote the lyrics to the pop track, "I am," a song talking about the ordinary man in a celebrity's life. Eunhyuk remains as one of the main writers for most of Super Junior's rap performances in the second album.
Super Junior frequently changes their image with each musical release. Super Junior's debut image softly leaned towards a rock appearance to complement the single, "TWINS (Knock Out)." During their promotion of "Miracle," many of the members displayed a youthful and playful image with their lighter hair color and warmer dance style. The group soon transitioned to a more mature, preppy style with "U," where the members changed their hair to a darker color and wore darker, more stylish outfits.
With the release of Don't Don, the group surprised the media with an edgy transformation. Some members bleached their hair and wore dark makeup, inspired by punk fashion. Kang-In had a buzz cut that had scratched designs, Sungmin's hair was bleached blonde and half-shaved, and HeeChul, KyuHyun and HanGeng with sported, bright-colored hairstyles. Their outfits became thinner with less clothing, which revealed their henna tattoos. However the group's image was quickly changed back to a softer, classic image as promotions began for their ballad single, "Marry U."
Super Junior has done performances centered heavily around their choreography. The group's pre-debut appearance was a hip hop dance performance and they have also joined B-boy battles and performances throughout their career.
Their dance styles are widely termed as street dancing, with a majority of their dance choreography containing hip hop dance moves such as popping, waving, sliding, and liquid dancing. Most of their songs usually contain a music bridge where two to six members from the group do a dance performance. Han Geng, Shindong, Eunhyuk, and Donghae are reportedly the most skilled dancers of the group, where the four of them are usually seen leading group dances and also performing solos. Dances in a form of martial arts are widely used in their dance routines as both Han Geng and Sungmin are professionally trained in that area. Some of the member also participated in creating their dance choreography, such as Shindong who was the main choreographer for "U." The members were also responsible for the dance choreography of their comeback single, "Don't Don."
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